Treating the culprit lesion associated with decreased mortality versus immediate multi-vessel PCI in cardiogenic shock Galvanizing results from the CULPRIT-SHOCK trial: 1 year follow-up results presented at ESC 2018

 In a randomized multi-center clinical trial that enrolled more than 700 patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease and acute myocardial infarction (MI) with cardiogenic shock, it was shown that percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the culprit lesion only (with the option of staged revascularization of nonculprit lesions) was associated with better clinical outcomes compared to immediate multi-vessel PCI. It was found that at 30 days, there was a 9.5% absolute reduction in the rate of the primary endpoint of death or renal replacement therapy in patients randomized to culprit-lesion only revascularization. Previously DANAMI-3-PRIMULTI, PRAMI, and CvLPRIT trials have suggested that there may be a benefit to complete revascularization but those studies did not enroll patients with hemodynamic instability or cardiogenic shock. Consequently, this led to the inclusion of immediate multi-vessel PCI in the 2015 ACC/AHA/SCAI STEMI guidelines as a Class II-b recommendation (can be considered). Continue reading